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The Alan Burnham Ultra Hard Christmas Quiz 2022

Remembering JAD

Cute Girl

Christmas Quiz 2022

Here we go again with the world's most cryptic quiz!

We have three double hammocks as prizes kindly donated by One Stop Scouting

Email your answer to by 28th February 2023.

Good luck!

1. What connection might a barque named Illovo have to Scouting? Furthermore, what connection might a
French 74-gun ship of the line s have to a sister organization?


2. What number space have I parked my car in?

And speaking of numbers, how can 9 + 8 = 5 ? Having answered that, what circumstance would make the
answer 4?

3. a) Henry McCarty, b) Opera by gum, c) Sleepyhead, d) Pilgrim Fathers, e) Wearyall Hill ,f) Monty Python, g)
US Flag
Link a to b, b to c, c to d and so on.


4. a) Who went to Rye to buy a pair of Kippers?
b) Who did Sam help on the farm?
c) Who’s favourite song was Clementine?
d) Who built (with his cat) a town for lost toys?
e) a demigod hatched from a swan’s egg, Fonteyn with an E, a 2014 Lalique perfume, a Norman Poet and
Chronicler. What are the English equivalents?


5. What product was advertised?
a) A protest march of small boys carrying placards, numbers swell as the march progresses
b) A girl singing on a hilltop. Numbers of singers increase until there is a throng from many nations
c) A Sloane Ranger being coached to speak in a “common” accent
d) A surprise slap from a large man. Was he from Seville?
e) A striptease in the laundrymat?
f) A chuckle when poked in the belly?

6. a) How did Bubbles get a total of 8 years of airplay?
b) What bubbles have you got to hold on to in case they fly away?
c) Define tea with cassava root extract
d) Link Japan with tulips and housing


7. A bogus Neolithic burial chamber, a limestone monolith, a packhorse bridge, three oaks….though one is
gone and is now a road, a wood, two instances of three stones….though in both cases the stones have gone
and in one case is now a farm. What are these and what do they represent. And when you have figured that
out, how did a monument, said to inspire Tolkein, go one better?


8. a) A goalkeeper who played for, amongst other, Birmingham City and Hibs, became whose pen name?
b) Where is the Fort by the Bridge?
c) Where is the Market Town of the Belgae?
d) He took his first names, Latinised them, reversed them and anglicized them to create his pen name. Who?


9. An ornamental plant of the mint family, An old world monkey, Akela, Brilliant Raptor, Remembrance flower,
Water Lily, Morse’s car, Male chicken, Shere Khan, Boot polish, Deliverer of babies, zubr, relative of
chrysanthemum, Pavo, emerald version of game-bird. Sort into five groups of three.


10. a) Three Barleycorn? How long is that?
b) 54 cubic feet of coal? What’s that called?
c) A link? How long is that?
d) How much land can an ox plough in a year? What about a pair of oxen or a team of eight?


11. What do the following have in common? The Creighton mine, Lhasa, Troll A, and Copacabana Beach

12. The numbers 1 to 19 are all the same type of item in the entertainment world, excepting three which
require a very minor addition to be the same thing and one that is from a different form of entertainment but
is very much related. Explain!!!


13. Apple, Mango, Banana, Tomato, Parsnip, Yellow Pepper, Celery, Potato, Onion, Carrot, Avocado,
Divide these into two groups which obviously won’t be equal and are not fruits and vegetables! Justify.


14. Random Trivia
a) Who are Billy, Lucas, Hercules and Monty
b) Apart from being the two closest to the sun, what do Mercury and Venus have in common.
c) How long is Frances’s longest land border and with which country?
d) Lincoln Castle, Inverary Castle, Alnwick Castle. Whats the link?


15. White cross on blue, blue over red, yellow cross on red, yellow cross on red, red and yellow diagonals, blue white red white blue, white and red vertical, yellow cross on red, black dot on yellow, blue square on white, red white and blue vertical, white cross on blue, white blue vertical indented, blue square on white

16. Vulture, water, hand, vulture, shelter, vulture, stool, stool, two reeds, water, reed, quail, two reeds, reed,
vulture, mouth


17. a) Great Kneeset bears 276 degrees. Hangingstone Hill bears 76 degrees, Dinger Tor bears 324 degrees.
Current magnetic deviation is approx. 0.5 degrees west so can be ignored. Where am I?
b) I am in UK waters heading 240 degrees. I can see a white light flashing every 5 seconds off the starboard
bow bearing 60 degrees relative. Fine on the port bow is another light flashing 4 seconds on, 2 seconds off.
Which harbour am I making for?


18. a) Find a link between Guns n Roses and Buddy Holly, also Twisted sister to The Who
b) On a similar vein, link David Suchet to Peter Ustinov, also Nicholas Ralph to Christopher Timothy
c) Furthermore link Sean Penn to Will Smith, also Russel Crowe to James Marshall


19. a) Flowing in a narrow channel through rock, almost narrow enough to step across but 5m deep. Where is
this dangerous section of river in the UK and what’s it called?
b) Indie/psych band from the north of England who could also be an electric bike
c) A ranger of the north


20. Snowflake, Point Down, Victory, Snowflake, Raindrop, Victory, grumpy, grumpy, Point Right, flag, grumpy,
neither happy or sad, raindrop!!

The Alan Burnham Ultra Hard Christmas Quiz 2021 - the answers!

Alan writes: The standard of answers was incredibly high. There were many valid answers I hadn't even thought of which I had to mark as correct!


The top five scores are detailed at the end. In the meantime, the answers with the questions for reference!


1. A strange contest recently pitted two teams against each other. The Queen recruited her father, Lee Child's creation and White Fang's author. The other team consisted of a baseball team, the rowers from a University boat and two sets of dwarves. Who is winning at this stage?

There was some grumbling, so Blyton's group arrived from Kirrin Island and offered to assist both teams. Who was the final winner?

These form two cribbage hands. Queen, King, Jack (Reacher), Jack (London) versus 9 (baseball team), 8 (rowers) and two 7s (dwarves). At this stage the Queens team scores a pair and two runs of three- 8 points and the rivals are ahead with a pair, two 15s and two runs of three- 12 points. However, Blyton's group is the famous 5, so using this as the turn card, it does nothing to help the rival team but adds four fifteens to the Queens team, a further 8 points giving the Queen victory with 16 points.

2. Link the following. i.e. link the first to the second, second to third and so on:

Samuel T Coleridge, Bempton Cliffs, Marie Curie, the Miners Safety Lamp, the Olympic Games, Barbequed Pigeon, Yankee Doodle.

Coleridge wrote the Ancient Mariner who shot an albatross. Over the past couple of years a black browed albatross has been a summer visitor to Bempton Cliffs in Yorkshire. The Italian cargo ship Radium was wrecked off Bempton Cliffs in 1923. Marie Curie was the co-discoverer of the element Radium. She was awarded the Davey Medal in 1903, named after Humphrey Davey, who amongst other discoveries, designed the miners safety lamp. A form of the miners safety lamp is used to transport the Olympic flame by air. At the 1988 Olympics, several of the released doves were burned alive when the cauldron was lit. And finally Yankee Doodle was a carrier pigeon in Dick Dastardly and Mutley in their Flying Machines.

3. Sort the following into pairs:

Barber, Bliss, Booth, Bush, Church, Cross, Drove, Fox, Goose, Handy, Hatch, Lamb, Low, Maiden, Parson, Pool, Preen, Roe, Round, Stoke, Truckle, Valley.

These are all small British towns, villages or hamlets.

Barber Booth, Church Preen, Fox Hatch, Goose Pool, Handy Cross, Lambs Roe, Maiden Law (or Low), Parson Drove, Round Bush, Stoke Bliss and Valley Truckle.

4. What is the significance of the following words:

Ruletka, kahawa, bacon, alfavito, cacen, tortilla, kottbulle.

These are words in the language of the country that has become synonymous with the item. Russian Roulette, Kenyan Coffee (Swahili), Danish Bacon, Greek Alphabet, Welsh cakes, Spanish Omelette, Swedish Meatballs.

5. What has a fictitious piece of land in legal terms got to do with Scouting? Similarly, what has the name of an Isle of Wight royal residence got to do with Scouting?

This is known as a Blackacre, which was also the name of Baden-Powell's house in Bentley, Hants, now known as Pax Hill. The Isle of Wight royal residence is Osbourne House, the White House at Gilwell was originally called Osborne Hall.

6. What is the 20th Century connection between the following places?

Cardiff, Stockton, Dwyfor, Bewdley, Oxford, Rievaulx and Kesteven.

These are places used in titles by ex-prime ministers raised to the peerage. Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, Harold Macmillan Earl of Stockton, Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor, Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, Earl Asquith of Oxford, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven.

7. What were woodbeads (not the ones taken from a necklace) originally made from? And whilst on the subject, why might a woodbead be yellow, or green, or red?

The first wood badges were not, as you might think, made from oak but were made from Epping Hornbeam. Yellow beads were for Cub Leaders, Green for Scout Leaders and Red for Rover Scout Leaders.

8. a) What have the following towns in common - Hastings, Aberystwyth, Bridgnorth, Babbacombe?

b) What have the following towns in common - Hull and Kettering?

c) What have the following towns in common - Shanklin, Minehead, Fleetwood, Westward Ho!, Ventnor?

d) What have the following towns in common - Rhyl, Buckfastleigh, Cleethorpes, Cornhill on Tweed, Ashley Heath?

e) What have the following towns in common - Manchester, Brighton, Blackpool, Birmingham, London?

Finally, what one town could fit into all of the above five lists?

a) all have funicular or cliff railways b) Both have historic water chutes or splash boats c) All had piers which subsequently were destroyed by storm or fire d) all have passenger carrying miniature railways e) all have Sea Life centres. The Yorkshire seaside town of Scarborough would fit into any and all of those categories.

9. What was the first decimal coin introduced in the UK? And whilst we are talking coinage, which English monetary denomination never actually had a coin produced for it?

This was the florin, or two shilling piece, introduced in 1849. There were ten to the pound and were meant to be the first step in decimalisation, which never got off the ground. The mark had a value of 13 shillings and 4 pence (2/3 of a pound and also equiv. to 2 nobles). It was an accounting value but never issued as a coin.

10. British food - identify…

a) Layered potato, onion and cheese.

b) A pasty or pastry roll with meat and veg at one end and fruit or jam at the other.

c) A fried potato cake containing onion, bacon and egg.

d) A bread flavoured with tea, dried fruit and spices.

e) A medium hard confectionery with a grainy texture-made from sugar, milk, butter and condensed milk.

f) A knobbly treat invented by a Frenchman in Bermondsey.

a) Pan Haggerty b) Bedfordshire Clanger c) Floddies d) Bara Brith e) Scottish Tablet f) Twiglets

11. Identify the groups…

a) A savoury meatball, a pen, a Roman poet, a hero of Khartoum and another of the Antarctic.

b) A reggae musician, a Bassett Hound, a Greek nymph, Nintendo's snooty goat, not a clue!

a) Brains, Parker, Virgil, Gordon and Scott…. All from Thunderbirds b) Shaggy, Fred, Daphne, Velma and Scooby Doo.

12. What's in common?

a) NGL, KYA, ML, SNGL and GBN.

b) Sly Go, Doubling, Caulk, Cove and Kill Arnie.

c) Berney Arms, Denton, The Lakes, Altnabreac.

a) Apologies - a typing error. KYA should have been KNY which would make them all African countries minus vowels- Angola, Kenya, Mali, Senegal, Gabon. All attempts will be marked correct. b) Literal representations of Irish towns-Sligo, Dublin, Cork, Cobh and Killarney. c) All are request stop railway stations.

13. Picture the scene. A hole with shirt and trousers in it, nearby four third molars. Cuddles dad reclines in a beach lounger, causing some breathing difficulties and a verdant patella. A musical ensemble provides entertainment, a pullet is elevated whilst a large airliner leaves trails in the sky.


Spitting Image's Chicken Song.

14. An Explorer expedition to visit some of Britain's delights. They need to camp overnight near each. Find the nearest Scout campsite to each.

Find Kit's Lepus hideout, Joseph's thorn, a devilish cave, a vegetarian hunt, a bang at 1300, the top of this place beloved by special forces, a tribute to a wood and graphite notation implement, take a break and be grateful for it, an Welsh-Italian village.

A jewelled hare (Masquerade book by Kit Williams) was hidden in Ampthill, Beds. Several sites close by but nearest Milton Bryan. Glastonbury Thorn, a form of Hawthorn. Huish Woods Campsite, Hellfire Caves West Wycombe Pheasants Hill Campsite, The Quorn Hunt near Melton Mowbray Holywell Pastures Campsite, Edinburgh 1 o'clock gun. Bonaly Scout Centre. Pen-y-fan mountain in Wales. 1st Caehopkin Pine Scout Group. Lakeland Pencil Museum, Keswick- Ashness Hut and Camp. Rest and be Thankful. Viewpoint above Arrochar. Lochgoilhead Campsite. Portmeirion, Gwynedd- Rowan Scout Camp.  There is possibly some valid interpretation of the clues other than mine, also there is interpretation as to just what does comprise a scout campsite. All answers were judged on their own merit.

15. How far in total?

The Proclaimers, Mike Oldfield, Edwin Starr, Pretenders, Fleetwood Mac, Rolling Stones.

Proclaimers- 500 miles, Mike Oldfield- 5 miles out, Edwin Starr- 25 miles, Pretenders- 2000 miles, Fleetwood Mac- The Chain (22 yards!), Rolling Stones- Moonlight Mile. Total of 2531 miles and 22yards. It can be argued that the Proclaimers walked 500 miles and 500 more so 3031 miles and 22 yards is acceptable. Plus if you found different songs involving distance they will be looked on favourably.

16. a) Who is Edward Michael in Scouting?

b) A coincidental link between Scouting and a 19th century PM.

c) Two instances of Countryfile meeting Scouting.

d) A US presidential Scout leader and a royal presidential link.

e) The Happy Man and the Cubbington Pear have a link to Scouting. What?

Lots of latitude for different answers in this question. These are mine but other answers will be judged on their merit

a) Bear Grylls b) William Gladstone was PM four times between 1868 and 1894. The Chief Scout 1972 to 1982 was his great grandson and was also called William Gladstone c) Countryfile has supplied two Scouting Ambassadors- Julia Bradbury and Anita Rani d) There were several- FDR, Presidents Carter and Johnson. As for Royal connection, it is claimed 42 out of 43 presidents can trace their ancestry to King John e) Both have won tree of the year, as did the Gilwell Oak.

17. 8,11,15,5,4,14,9,1,7,6,16. What are the next five numbers in the sequence?

If you spell each number, you will find they are in alphabetical order. With five more numbers there will be sixteen in total so the missing ones are 2,3,10,12 and 13. Spelling these and arranging them alphabetically gives the next five numbers in order as 10,13,3,12,2.

18. I bought a car for £500, a little later I sold it for £600. Regretting selling it, I bought it back for £700. Finally I sold it again for £800. Did I make, lose or break even?

On the first buy and sell I made £100. On the second buy and sell I also made £100, giving me an overall profit of £200.

19. UK 3, Canada 2, US 2, Japan 2, The Netherlands 2, Several countries 1 but one particular country 0. Explain.

These are simply the number of times World Scout Jamborees have been held in various countries. The oddball 0 is Iran, the 15th WSJ was scheduled to be held there in 1979 but was cancelled due to the Iranian Revolution.


20. a) Made from flour, butter and milk heated and stirred.

b) Add grated cheese.

c) Take away milk and cheese, substitute light stock.

d) Add cream to thicken.

e) Take away the flour and stock, add parmesan and garlic.

Identify in each case.

a) Béchamel or White Roux Sauce b) Mornay Sauce c) Veloute Sauce d) Supreme Sauce e) Alfredo Sauce.


Well done everyone who took part, and if you didn't you can now just nod knowingly.




First prize: £50 cash.

Second prize: Double hammock kindly donated by One Stop Scouting

Third prize: A year's subscription to Scout and Scouting.


Highest score possible is 145

The five top scores:

1st      Paul Haigh   137

2nd     Ron Davies   128

3rd     James Collins   124

4th     William Willetts   120

5th     Lindsay Coates   112


It's incredible how much form there is in these results. Last year Paul came second and Ron came first. James and Lindsay are new to the board and William retains his honourable mention spot on 4th. If Paul, Ron and James email (see page 3) us their bank details / postal address as appropriate we will send you your prize.


What you've been saying about Alan's quiz

"After 30 years of "JADING" being the main thing in our household to be whiling away the hours over Christmas, it was incredibly disappointing to see it dropped a few years ago from Scouting magazine. For many of our teenage and early twenties years we stuck ourselves in a library while mum went shopping on Boxing Bay, and while it's now done remotely between Edinburgh and Yorkshire over phone calls and email it's still one of the highlights of the year in our family. It's so good to have found it again and thank you so much for setting it."


"Once again a real puzzle, which amply occupied our thoughts and time over the festive period and beyond."


"I've yet to submit my answers as I don't think I'm anywhere near getting a prize but do thank Alan for setting it. It's become one of the highlights of the year end. Please keep going for as long as you can!"


"I've answered three questions in three days!"

The Alan Burnham Ultra Hard Christmas Quiz 2020 - the answers!

1. On a recent Bake Off, the contestants had to make a Swiss roll. Having done that, the next item was a dried fruit delicacy in flaky pastry. I immediately saw a scouting link - what? This would be Jam Roll and Eccles (cake), Baden Powell's Rolls Royce and caravan.

2. a) Link Ormond castle, Hercules and Ylvis to a scouting activity. Ormond Castle is in Carrick on Suir which gives us two names for the same knot-carrick bend or Ormonde knot, Hercules is another name for the square or reef knot whilst Ylvis sang a song about the trucker's hitch. The activity is therefore knotting.

b) Link 0.001435 km to a horse's behind. Converted to imperial, this works out as 4ft 8½ inches or standard railway track gauge. This is supposedly derived from the dimension of a cart that would fit one horse's backside between the shafts.

c) Find a link between Burton on Trent and Le Creuset. Marmite is made at Burton on Trent. The label shows a pot called a Marmite, a small French casserole pot. Le Creuset manufacture, amongst other items, Marmite dishes.

d) Link Haribo with Spanish in a UK context. Spanish is a term from, but not exclusively, Yorkshire referring to Liquorice. This was manufactured around Pontefract. Haribo now has a sweet factory in Pontefract and, amongst other items, manufactures the famous Pontefract Liquorice cakes.

3. A support for each month of the year, a diameter for each day of the year and a height for each week of the year - what is it? The Millennium Dome (O2 Arena) has 12 support columns, is 365m in diameter and is 52m high in the middle.

4. Why would a passenger on the Shaukiwan Tram be considered reasonable? This is the Hong Kong equivalent of the Man on the Clapham Omnibus, recognised in English Law as a hypothetical ordinary and reasonable person.

5. Who would have been a) the Thirsk British Legion's next door neighbour, b) a former resident of the Grantham Living Health Chiropractice, and c) visible from the Manchester Royal Infirmary across Nelson Road? a) James Alfred Wight, better known as James Herriot. This was Skeldale House, now a museum b) Margaret Thatcher and c) Emmeline Pankhurst.

6. Why might a resident of a city in Argolis be a philatelist? Shoppers in the 1960s collected Green Shield Stamps and could redeem them for gifts. In the 1970s Green Shield was bought up by the Argos chain, Argos is also the name of the Greek city in Argolis.

7. Link each item to the previous one: Peter Pan's nemesis, Mi Amingo, Nottinghamshire's Police HQ, Styria, the 1975 and 2014 Eurovision contests, and S J. Peter Pan's nemesis was Captain Hook who links to a Pirate radio ship (should have read Mi Amigo not Amingo) which was the home of Radio Caroline. Nott's Police HQ is at Arnold which is the name of Tony Blackburn's mythical dog - Blackburn being a Radio Caroline DJ. Styria in Austria is where Arnold Schwarzenegger was born, also Getty Kaspers, lead singer of the Dutch Band, Teach In, who won the 1975 Eurovision and Conchita Wurst, 2014 Eurovision winner who was raised here. These two contests were held in Stockholm and Copenhagen respectively, which are linked by the S J Train.

8. a) What distinction does the Isle of Wight have roughly twice a day? The Isle of Wight has the distinction of being England's smallest county, but only when the tide is in. When the tide is out, Rutland becomes the smallest county.

b) On a similar theme, how come Cornwall moves vertically by around 10cm roughly twice a day? This is due to Ocean Tide Loading; when the tide is in, the weight causes the land to dip.

9. Which king from Scotland is a knight and also a Brigadier? Brigadier Sir Nils Olav III is a king penguin living in Edinburgh Zoo. He is the mascot of the Norwegian King's Guards.

10. What do Danish pastries, croissants, Swedish meatballs and tikka masala have in common? None originate from where you might think. Danish pastries were first made in Austria, croissants also in Austria, Swedish meatballs are believed to originate from Turkey and tikka masala is believed to have been invented in a Glasgow restaurant.


Ice            Shirt          Tegan        Allow

Lolly          Oprah       Ono          Grub

Leola         Broad       Godiva     Buck

Stag          Orch         Broad       Ent

For fans of Only Connect, this is the Wall. Basically sixteen items that have to be divided into four groups of four. The four items in each group are linked, the groups are not linked. There was an error here. Broad was given twice. There should have been one, the second should have been Wedge. Answers will be marked taking this into account. Answer would have been Godiva, Wedge, Lolly and Buck, various names for money. Shirt, Orch, Ent and Allow can be preceded by T. Ice, Broad, Ono and Grub are types of axe. Stag, Oprah, Tegan and Leola are various terms for deer.


12. What did John Hughes, Mahonri Young, Lee Blair and David Wallin all achieve? All won Olympic Gold Medals, but back in the early Olympic Games when The Arts were included. These medals were variously won in Architecture, Sculpture and Painting.

13. New Zealand 85, Wales 58, Massachusetts 45, South Africa 44. Explain. Longest place names Taumatawhakat etc. 85 letters New Zealand. Llanfaipwll etc. 58 letters Wales. Chargoggag etc. 45 letters Massachusetts. Tweebuffels etc. 44 letters South Africa.

14. What possible link could Scotland have to the Parthenon and the Colosseum? The National Monument in Edinburgh was based on the Parthenon, McCaigs Tower in Oban was based on the Colosseum. Neither was finished.

15. Whips Retrial Decoded. What is the significance? This question highlighted the dangers of autocorrect and the one failing of What 3 Words. The question as printed was not answerable so this question will be discounted.

16. Murder on the Orient Express. What is incorrect about the title of this Agatha Christie novel? Not strictly the Orient Express! This was on the route of the Simplon Orient Express.

17. A man with a flat cap, a moustache and a cat became which inventor and his companion? This evolved into an inventor and his dog - Wallace and Gromit.

18. Divide this list of nine British birds into three groups of three, and explain why: Firecrest, Great Bustard, Osprey, Common Crane, Cettis Warbler, Red Kite, Little Egret, Mediterranean Gull and White Tailed Sea Eagle. Cettis Warbler, Mediterranean Gull and Firecrest are colonisers, having spread to the UK for the first time. Little Egret, Common Crane and Osprey are re-colonisers, having been made extinct in the UK previously. Great Bustard, Red Kite and White Tailed Sea Eagles are re-introductions by humans. (Some may be argued. For instance the Red Kite was never truly extinct with a very small population clinging on near Aberystwyth.)

19. What has Rolanda Hooch in The Devil's Crown done that the original, according to legend, never actually did? Zoe Wannamaker played Rolanda Hooch in Harry Potter. In The Devil's Crown she played Berengaria of Navarre, Queen of England by being wife to Richard I. Legend has it Berengaria never set foot in England, though she does in the series.

20. Motorways - everyone's bane in life. But consider a one mile stretch of three lane motorway, one carriageway only, filled only with cars, each doing 70mph and managing to keep to the two second rule. How many cars are in our one-mile section? Assume a car is 5 yards long and the two second rule is from the rear of one car to the front of the car behind. At 70mph a car covers 1760 x 70 yards = 123,200 yards in an hour. Doing the necessary maths this gives 68.44 yards in 2 seconds. Add on 5 yards gives 73.44 yards which is the distance each car will occupy including its 2 second spacing. Dividing 1760 by 73.44 gives 23.96. The .96 is enough to fit another vehicle at the front of the queue with its safety zone extending partly into the next mile. So 24 vehicles in one lane gives 72 in three lanes.

If 48 additional cars joined our one-mile section, assuming the two second rule is still adhered to, and all cars move at the same rate, what will the speed now be? Add another 48 cars is an extra 16 per lane giving 40 per lane. 1760 divided by 40 is 44 yards available for each car. Minus the 5 yard car length gives 39 yards to be covered in 2 seconds. Multiplying up means a car will cover 70,200 yards in an hour or 39.88 mph……40mph as makes no difference.

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